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Picaros: The Order of San Fernando

colombani
Member
#1 · Posted: 1 Dec 2005 23:08
Does anyone know the origins of the 'Order of San Fernando' and the extra significance of "with Oak Leaves"? It must be a parody of real life Orders that are as ridiculous-sounding. I also wonder whether a San Fernando really existed for Herge to chose him for the patron saint of San Theodoros.
jock123
Moderator
#2 · Posted: 2 Dec 2005 10:24 · Edited by: jock123
Well, with only a little Googling I found that Fernando was a Portugese prince, who later became a saint. Given that there is a “San Fernando Valley”, “San Fernando Mission” etc. in the Americas, and that the Portugese explored much of them, it isn’t a leap of imagination to see San Fernando as a patron saint.

Oak leaves are a symbol of faith, strength and virtue (usually military) in classical art and history, just as the laurel wreath was given to victors in battle and the Olympic games. Adding oak leaves to a decoration is to recognise a degree of achievement over the normal - the American Purple Heart honour can likewise be upgraded with a palm leaf.

I don’t think Hergé is parodying per se, just using the language of military honours…

Update: And I prove myself (possibly) wrong! Spain has as its highest military honour the Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand - that could be Hergé’s inspiration.

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