It's often been pointed out that Borduria has a Stalinist atmosphere about it so that is at least one side that we know of.
But we don’t – it may be what people apply to it, but Stalinism is just an influence for the decor of the story, it’s set-dressing; the book isn’t a critique of Stalinism, and it doesn’t matter which side is which.
Herge did base the story around the context of the Cold War and obtaining the services of scientists in order to build WMDs
But again, he’s simply writing a spy story, not delivering a message, or taking the systems apart. Missing scientists and stolen secret plans just fit in as McGuffins to the spy genre. Hergé isn’t thinly disguising anything, or alluding, or making a political point – he’s writing a ripping yarn.
Today we're celebrating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Dickens. Do you think "Oliver Twist" would be better off being re-written with borstals (instead of workhouses) or a drug-dealing Artful Hoodie?
I think you’re now arguing with yourself – you
wanted to relocate the book in space and time, not I… ;-)
I actually don’t mind whether or not stories are updated; I just don’t think that the suggested change in any way improves on the original.